### “Listening to the Logos rather than to me, it is wise to agree that all things are in reality one thing and one thing only”

–Heraclitus (Greek philosopher 500BC)

## The Virtual Universe

Q. How does this relate to Tegmark's Mathematical Universe Hypothesis?

A. Tegmark's MUH reads: Our external physical reality is a mathematical structure. That is, the physical universe is mathematics in a well-defined sense, and "in those [worlds] complex enough to contain self-aware substructures [they] will subjectively perceive themselves as existing in a physically 'real' world". Under this definition, this model is a Tegmark MUH.

Q. Is this Platonism (a mathematical realism)?

A. The theory can be considered a form of Pythagoreanism or Platonism in that it posits the existence of dimensionless mathematical (geometrical) entities.

Q. What is the difference between a virtual universe and a mathematical universe?

A. The Tegmark universe gives no reference to a universe origin, I use virtual universe in the context of a programmed universe (in that it resembles a computer simulation). Thus the difference is 'intent', for a virtual universe at minimum suggests a Programmer (an intelligent design), the Tegmark MUH does not. In both mathematical and virtual universe, physical reality is a projection of the underlying mathematical reality.

Q. What is the difference between Swarm Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence?

A. We have, as Tegmark puts it, self-awareness. I have presumed that the rules of Swarm Intelligence SI allow for, in sufficently complex structures (for example a 100 billion neuron brain), a self-awareness. It would then seem pointless to provide self-awareness without a corresponding free-will. AI (artifical intelligence) is how we imagine swarm intelligence works and we code this into our AI programs. The question then becomes, if our AI programs can accurately copy SI, then can they also achieve self-awareness?

Q. What is the difference between a virtual reality universe and a computer game?

A. Our computer games use characters which we, as external players, manipulate. The computer game simulates a realistic environment in which our characters operate. Giving characters a self awareness means that they no longer need an external operator but can act independently, which is why I suggest that they also need free will otherwise self awareness is meaningless (for without free will they still cannot operate independently). The surroundings must therefore not only appear realistic to any external players but now also to the characters themselves. They must then perceive themselves as being within a physical reality. Nevertheless, in terms of the external environment outside of the computer, they and the universe they inhabit, are still just data.

Q. Is there a physical universe?

A. I describe a universe of mathematical forms for mass, space, time etc from which our physical = dimensioned mass, space and time derive, however these are projections of the mathematical forms and not real of themselves. This is why all the dimensions within the electron overlap and cancel. The total universe sum of energy or momentum = zero, the sum dimensions of kg, m, s etc = one. The universe is thus a virtual (dimensionless) universe.

Q. What is the difference between the laws of physics and the laws of nature?

A. In this model the laws of physics are the universe operating system and the laws of nature are the programming language used to write the laws of physics. I often refer to these laws of nature as organic mathematics as it appears they operate according to a mathematical model which we do not as yet understand but which is the basis for our Artificial Intelligence models.

Q. Is there a universe source code?

A. We develop software that processes data stored on a memory device; thus our software, data and hardware are separate. In this model the hardware, software and data are combined, thus in lieu of a source code we could point to the inherent theory behind the laws of nature. Nevertheless, the forms used resemble programmed routines.

Q. Why do you presume Intelligent Design?

A. The dimensioned units for the mathematical mass M=1, time T=2pi, length or space L=2π^2Ω^2 would seem to be too simple to explain the complexity of the modern universe. Consequently I look for a mathematical model that manipulates them, there is only 1 natural candidate, which is swarm intelligence, and this then implies an intelligence; ipso facto God the mathematician.

Q. Is the Void of the biblical Genesis a serious analogy?

A. Tohu va vohu (תֹ֙הוּ֙ וָבֹ֔הוּ) is a Biblical Hebrew phrase found in the Book of Genesis 1:2 that describes the condition of the earth before God said, "Let there be light" (Gen. 1:3). Precise translation of the phrase is difficult, since it is a Hebrew wordplay though it is usually translated as "waste and void," "formless and empty," or "chaos and desolation." The Septuagint renders it as ἀόρατος καὶ ἀκατα-σκεύαστος, "shapeless and formless". Kabbalah also states Yesod hapashut ("simple element") as source of four elements, in that everything is united as one, without differentiation.

The Septuagint "shapeless and formless" is probably as good a description of a virtual particle-less dimension-less black-hole universe as any description I can think of.

Q. You would describe the geometrical forms for mass M, time T, length L etc as sacred geometries?

A. By accepted definition, in a planned (intelligent design) universe the rules are 'sacred', I have tried to give all solutions in terms of geometrical forms as the means of carrying information as there is no external hardware to otherwise store data (these forms are also the hardware) and so these geometries, as the construction material of our fundamental physical constants, could be labelled thus.

Q. Intent implies intelligence?

A. I think self-awareness is the key, it seems to me that it requires free will and also intent or intention. Would or could an AI program, whilst processing data, suddenly decide to have a coffee break (which I am considering to do now)? The present difficulty with AI is that these programs still lack intent, they still act as any computer program, they take in data, process it and produce an output, and even if we do not know what that output might be (Microsofts twitter bot Tay for example), they cannot be said to be spontaneous. Nor do they appear to like or dislike their tasks or quit their jobs.

Q. What is a mathematical constant?

A. It is a number that is dimensionless. The most well known is pi which represents the ratio between radius and circumference of a circle. The numerical value of pi would be the same if used by an alien civilisation although they would measure their dimensioned units such as mass and time differently to us. I have 2 specific mathematical constants in this model; the fine structure constant alpha and a proposed Omega. These 2 constants inhabit the mathematical realm.

Q. What is the difference between our universe and a dream?

A. A dream is a simulated reality constructed somehow by brain neuron activity. It does however have a physical dimension which is time, for a dream usually lasts from 5s to 20mins according to wikipedia. In this thesis the universe is expanding in integer steps thus giving us a clock-rate and so a reference for time but no physical dismensions as we think we understand them. We may then legitimately ask, is the difference only in the detail?