“Listening to the Logos rather than to me, it is wise to agree that all things are in reality one thing and one thing only”
–Heraclitus (Greek philosopher 500BC)
The Virtual Universe
Q. How does this relate to Tegmark's Mathematical Universe Hypothesis?
A. Tegmark's MUH reads: Our external physical reality is a mathematical structure. That is, the physical universe is mathematics in a well-defined sense, and "in those [worlds] complex enough to contain self-aware substructures [they] will subjectively perceive themselves as existing in a physically 'real' world". Under this definition, this model is a Tegmark MUH.
Q. Is this Platonism (a mathematical realism)?
A. The theory can be considered a form of Pythagoreanism or Platonism in that it posits the existence of fundamental mathematical (dimensionless geometrical) entities.
Q. What is the difference between a virtual universe and a mathematical universe?
A. The Tegmark universe gives no reference to a universe origin, I use virtual universe in the context of a programmed universe (in that it resembles a computer simulation). Thus the difference is 'intent', for a virtual universe at minimum suggests a Programmer (an intelligent design), the Tegmark MUH does not. In both mathematical and virtual universe, physical reality is a projection of the underlying mathematical reality.
Q. What is the difference between Swarm Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence?
A. We have, as Tegmark puts it, self-awareness. I have presumed that the rules of Swarm Intelligence SI allow for, in sufficently complex structures (for example a 100 billion neuron brain), a self-awareness. It would then seem pointless to provide self-awareness without some form of free-will (the ability to derive new or unique solutions from existing data). AI (artifical intelligence) is how we imagine swarm intelligence works and we code this into our AI programs. The question then becomes, if our AI programs can accurately copy SI, then can they also achieve self-awareness? At present it is considered impossible to achieve true free will via AI.
Q. What is the difference between a virtual reality universe and a computer game?
A. Our computer games use characters which we, as external players, manipulate. The computer game simulates a realistic environment in which our characters operate. Giving characters a self awareness means that they no longer need an external operator but can act independently, which is why I suggest that they also need the appearance of free will otherwise self awareness is meaningless. The surroundings must therefore not only appear realistic to any external players but now also to the 'game' characters themselves. They must perceive themselves as being within a physical reality. Nevertheless, in terms of the external environment outside of the computer simulation, they and the universe they inhabit, are still just data.
Q. Is there a physical universe?
A. I describe a universe of mathematical forms for mass, space, time etc from which our physical = dimensioned mass, space and time derive, however these are projections of the mathematical forms and not real of themselves. This is why all the dimensions within the electron overlap and cancel. The total universe sum of energy or momentum = zero, the sum dimensions of kg, m, s etc = one. The universe can thus be described as a virtual universe as there are no sum 'physical' attributes.
Q. What is the difference between the laws of physics and the laws of nature?
A. In this model the laws of physics are the universe operating system and the laws of nature are the programming language used to write the laws of physics. I often refer to these laws of nature as organic mathematics as I conjecture that they operate according to a mathematical model which we do not as of yet understand but which is the basis for Swarm Intelligence.
Q. Is there a universe source code?
A. We develop software that processes data stored on a memory device; thus our software, data and hardware are separate. In this model the hardware, software and data are combined, thus in lieu of a source code we could point to the inherent theory behind the laws of nature. Nevertheless, the forms used resemble programmed routines.
Q. Why do you presume Intelligent Design?
A. The geometries for the dimensioned units of mass M=1 (point), time T=2pi (radians), length or space L=2π^2Ω^2 (torus) etc, and the way their units are ordered in terms of an apparent array structure, resemble a programming language. That this, and the complexity of the resultant universe could have appeared randomly is possible, just as my apartment could have spontaneously appeared, but this is not the most logical explanation. The appearance of what could be characterised as an intelligent program in turn suggests a programmer.
Q. Is the Void of the biblical Genesis a serious analogy?
A. Tohu va vohu (תֹ֙הוּ֙ וָבֹ֔הוּ) is a Biblical Hebrew phrase found in the Book of Genesis 1:2 that describes the condition of the earth before God said, "Let there be light" (Gen. 1:3). Precise translation of the phrase is difficult, since it is a Hebrew wordplay though it is usually translated as "waste and void," "formless and empty," or "chaos and desolation." The Septuagint renders it as ἀόρατος καὶ ἀκατα-σκεύαστος, "shapeless and formless". Kabbalah also states Yesod hapashut ("simple element") as source of four elements, in that everything is united as one, without differentiation.
The Septuagint "shapeless and formless" is probably as good a description of a virtual particle-less dimension-less black-hole universe as any description I can think of.
Q. You would describe the geometrical forms for mass M, time T, length L etc as sacred geometries?
A. By accepted definition, in a planned (intelligent design) universe the rules are 'sacred'as they are manifested from 'God', I have tried to give all solutions in terms of geometrical forms as the means of carrying information as there is no external hardware to otherwise store data (these forms are also the hardware) and so these geometries, as the construction material of our fundamental physical constants, could be labelled thus.
Q. Intent implies intelligence?
A. I think self-awareness is the key, for this then introduces the concept of intent or intention. Any algorithm that we may construct will always give the same answers from the same inputs and so our AI programs can never have a true free will. Our brains receive a massive amount of uncontrolled information from our senses every second and so we can never truely know if our 'outputs' are pre-determined by our 'inputs' (as in theorectically reproducable by a computer). However would or could an AI program, whilst processing data, suddenly decide to have a coffee break (which I am considering to do now)? The present difficulty with AI is that these programs still lack intent, they still act as any computer program, they take in data, process it and produce an output, and even if we do not know what that output might finally be (Microsofts twitter bot Tay for example), they cannot be said to be spontaneous. Nor do they appear to like or dislike their tasks or want to quit their jobs. And so the relevant question becomes; is intent programmable in the traditional sense?
Q. What is a mathematical constant?
A. It is a number that is dimensionless. The most well known is pi which represents the ratio between radius and circumference of a circle. The numerical value of pi would be the same if used by an alien civilisation although they would measure their dimensioned units such as mass and time differently to us. I have 2 specific mathematical constants in this model; the fine structure constant alpha and a proposed Omega. These 2 constants inhabit the mathematical realm.
Q. What is the difference between our universe and a dream?
A. A dream is a simulated reality constructed somehow by brain neuron activity. It does however have a physical dimension which is time, for a dream usually lasts from 5s to 20mins according to wikipedia. In this thesis the universe is expanding in integer steps thus giving us a clock-rate and so a reference for time but no physical dimensions as we think we understand them. We may then legitimately ask, is the difference only in the detail?
Q. Is the notion of a God inherent
A. There is a debate about the dangers of AI. If an AI program receives, whether intentionally or not, data regarding the problems of environment degradation, climate change, resource depletion etc then the logical solution after analysis of the data would be to eliminate humanity (the cause of the problem). If this AI program is connected to vital civilian or military infrastructure then humanity has a problem. AI programs then need to have additional conditions included, such as don't destroy humanity. As we haven't yet destroyed humanity ourselves although we have the ability to do so, does this imply that the 'algorithms' that control our thought processes have such conditional circuit-breakers included for when we are faced with a moral dilemma? Is God hard-wired into us, aka the 'Algorithm' itself?